E-learning & resources

HTMSE provides tailored courses covering a vast cross section of topics to a global network of professionals and stakeholders. Our online resources and publications provides educational material and information to professionals working in the counter human trafficking and modern slavery sector. Our training is provided my leading practitioners in their field.

Examples of training provided include:

  • Expert Witness training
  • Criminal law, forced criminality and non prosecution of victims of human trafficking
  • Immigration and public law
  • Housing and support
  • Compensation claim for victims of human trafficking
  • Modern slavery compliance and ethical supply chains for businesses
  • Law enforcement
  • Local Authority training
  • Training for health care professionals


If you are interested in tailored training courses, please email us at info@humantraffickingexperts.com to discuss your training needs.

‘Between Two Fires’: Understanding Vulnerabilities and the Support Needs of People from Albania, Viet Nam and Nigeria who have experienced Human Trafficking into the UK

This report is the product of a two years study examining causes and dynamics of, and vulnerabilities to, human trafficking in Albania, Vietnam and Nigeria. The study also looked at the specific support needs of individuals trafficked from each of these source countries. This report was produced by the IOM, and Institute of Applied Social Research.

The study makes use of qualitative data taken from 164 semi-structures interviews with adults with experience of human trafficking and key informants who have expertise on trafficking from each source country. The data collection occurred over a nine month period in 2018. The study makes use of the IOM Determinants of Migrant Vulnerability (DoMV) model as a framework within which to examine the vulnerabilities to, and ongoing support needs of victims of, human trafficking. The model looks at four levels designed to comprehensively understand the vulnerability of migrants to human trafficking. The four levels are:

  1. Individual
  2. Household and family
  3. Community
  4. Structural

The report overall presents twelve key findings including: the risk factors transcend the different levels of the IOM DoMV model; harmful social norms in each of the source countries can intersect with human trafficking, and this often occurs in gender specific ways; and, certain cultural and religious beliefs about luck and divine protection can influence decisions to embark on dangerous journeys that might increase vulnerability. The full findings of the study can be found in the report here.

New Victims of Modern Slavery Competent Authority Guidance

The new Competent Authority Guidance for victims of modern slavery was released by the UK Home Office at the end of April 2019. The new guidance introduces single competent authorities (SCA) to manage all decisions regarding victims of modern slavery, which replaces the previous Competent Authority system as of the 29th April 2019.

Multi-agency assurance panels will also now review any negative conclusions that are reached by the SCA that has also passed through the ‘second pair of eyes’ panel. The multi-agency assurance panel will review the decisions made by the SCA and will either publish an agreement with the SCA or refer the case back to suggest further consideration. Any further consideration will be taken at the direction of a manager or experienced SCA member of staff, and a suggestion for further review by the multi-agency assurance panel does not oblige the SCA to further review the case.

Multi-agency assurance panels will draw on individuals from law enforcement, local authorities, and non-governmental organisations, to provide a broad spectrum of expertise on each case referred to them. In cases where the full complement of panel members cannot attend the panel will be quorate if there is a chair plus two members present.


The full guidance can be found here 



Unseen Modern Slavery Helpline Annual Assessment 2018

In April 2019 the Modern Slavery Helpline released its annual report for 2018. The report gives the details of the helpline’s operations over the course of 2018 including the number, the nature of calls, the number reports via the Unseen mobile app and webform submissions, and the number of potential victims identified as a result.

The report found that over the course of 2018 there was a 62% increase in the number of calls received and an 82% increase in the number of webform reports on the previous year. As a result of the increased calls the Helpline saw a 46% increase in the number of potential victims, of which nearly half were male, 33% female, 0.04% transgender and the remainder unknown. The report addresses further breakdowns of the reports by the form of modern slavery being reported, discusses the challenges hindering reporting of modern slavery, and presents an analysis of emerging trends. The full findings of the report can be found here


UK’s First Super-Complaint Relating to Modern Slavery

The NGO Hestia made a super-complaint regarding UK law enforcement’s response to modern slavery. Modern slavery operations by police forces increased by 250% in 2018, however only 7% of these cases have been referred to the Crown Prosecution Service. Their report Underground Lives from March 2019 indicates that police are criminalising the victims of trafficking, therefore hindering the prosecution of their exploiters. HTMSE founder Philippa Southwell was quoted in this report:

“We are still prosecuting individuals on a daily basis when there are key trafficking indicators. […] If we continue to prosecute victims of forced criminality, we will continue to have low prosecution rates for modern slavery-related cases. Almost all of my clients that have been prosecuted do not want to co-operate with a subsequent or parallel investigation into their exploitation because they feel they are not believed.”  

For the full March 2019 report Underground Lives by Hestia, read here.  

Combating Human Trafficking Handbook

The Airports Council International have released the first edition of their handbook to help combat human trafficking. The handbook provides a variety of case studies of the work airports are carrying out in the anti-trafficking sector as well as  providing an overview of the nature of human trafficking and modern slavery itself, including the types and forms of exploitation it can take.

The handbook includes sections on:

  • Introduction: overview of human trafficking and the role airports can play in combating it.
  • Guidance: spotting the signs of human trafficking in airports and how to respond.
  • Staff Awareness: specific issues relating to staff awareness of human trafficking.
  • Public Awareness: Information on campaigns, partnerships , and awareness raising of human trafficking.
  • Case Studies
  • Appendices: Law and policy instruments and resources.


The full handbook can be accessed here.