E-learning & resources

HTMSE provides tailored courses covering a vast cross section of topics to a global network of professionals and stakeholders. Our online resources and publications provides educational material and information to professionals working in the counter human trafficking and modern slavery sector. Our training is provided my leading practitioners in their field.

Examples of training provided include:

  • Expert Witness training
  • Criminal law, forced criminality and non prosecution of victims of human trafficking
  • Immigration and public law
  • Housing and support
  • Compensation claim for victims of human trafficking
  • Modern slavery compliance and ethical supply chains for businesses
  • Law enforcement
  • Local Authority training
  • Training for health care professionals


If you are interested in tailored training courses, please email us at info@humantraffickingexperts.com to discuss your training needs.

The role of the financial sector in eradicating modern slavery – review by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner

The review, ‘The role of the financial sector in eradicating modern slavery: CEOs respond to the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner’, follows on an earlier engagement of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner with the Themis and the Tribe Freedom Foundation and the joint report published in January 2021, ‘Preventing Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking: an Agenda for Action across the Financial Services Sector’.

The Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner has since written to CEOs of leading companies within the financial services sector. The respondents included international banks, investment platforms, building societies and digital payment companies.

The responses received by the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner showed some good practice, financial services sector had not integrated modern slavery risks across all its business processes. The Commissioner has made five recommendations to the financial services sector.

To find the full list of recommendations and the full report, please see here.

‘Survivors of trafficking and the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme’ – a report by ATLEU from November 2020

‘Survivors of trafficking and the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme’ is a report by the Anti-Trafficking and Labour Exploitation Unit (ATLEU) from November 2020. ATLEU is a charity supporting victims of trafficking and labour exploitation and providing legal representation to victims.

The report is based on 30 cases conducted by ATLEU themselves and further findings from a survey of professionals. The purpose of the to survey was to identify if the experiences of other professionals representing trafficking victims in making CICS claims were similar to those of survivors represented by ATLEU. The survey was sent to solicitors and support workers working with survivors in making CICS claims.

ATLEU concludes that the CICA scheme is not fit for purpose and is not accessible to the majority of survivors. From ATLEU’s experience, the vast majority of survivors are refused compensation in circumstances where it ought to be granted. They have made extensive recommendations as to the improvement and modifications of CICA, which can be found in the full report.

You can find the full ATLEU report here.

Sentencing Council Publishes Sentencing Guidelines for Modern Slavery Offences

Following a consultation, the Sentencing Council has published new sentencing guidelines for offences under the Modern Slavery Act 2015.

The new guidelines will come into effect on 1st October 2021 and will be used by magistrates and judges when sentencing offenders for offences under sections 1, 2, 4 and 30 of the Modern Slavery Act 2015. This means the offences covered by the sentencing guidelines include: slavery, servitude, forced or compulsory labour; human trafficking; committing an offence with intent to commit human trafficking; and breach of a slavery and trafficking prevention order or a slavery and trafficking risk order.

The sentencing guidelines aim to promote consistency in approach in sentencing for modern slavery offences. Under the new guidelines, offenders could face up to 18 years in prison.

For the Sentencing Council’s announcement and guidelines please see here.

Home Office National Referral Mechanism Statistics – 1st Quarter 2021 (January – March)

The Home Office has released the most recent statistics for the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) covering the first quarter of 2021.

Between January 2021 and Marh 2021, 2,945 potential modern slavery victims were referred into the NRM. This is a 3% decrease in referrals compared to the preceding quarter (3,041) and a 3% increase from quarter 1 in 2020 (2,862). 49% (1,431) of the referrals were for potential victims who claimed exploitation as adults (compared to 50% in the preceding quarter), whilst 45% (1,330) claimed exploitation as children.

Overall, of the 2,945 potential victims referred in this quarter, 75% (2,197) were male and 25% (745) were female. The Home Office notes that the proportions are similar to recent quarters, although male potential victims have formed an increasing proportion of NRM referrals over the years.

As in previous quarters, overall, potential victims were most commonly referred for criminal exploitation only, which accounted for 37% (1,097) of all referrals. For those exploited as children, an increase in the identification of ‘county lines’ cases has partially driven the increase in referrals within the criminal exploitation category.

There has been a sharp drop in referrals for overseas exploitation, likely due to the COVID-19 restrictions on travel, with 64% (1,897) of potential victims claiming exploitation in the UK only, compared to 57% in the last quarter, and with only 23% (691) claiming overseas only exploitation. The statistics show, however, that despite ongoing restrictions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, the first quarter of 2021 saw the third-highest number of quarterly referrals to the NRM since it began.

Modern Slavery: National Referral Mechanism and Duty to Notify statistics UK, end of year summary 2020

The UK Home Office has published an end of year summary for 2020 modern slavery statistics. The statistics cover both referrals into the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) and those referred via the Duty to Notify (DtN) process.

In 2020, 10,613 potential victims of modern slavery were referred to the NRM, compared to 10,616 in 2019. This is the first time when the NRM referrals had not increased since the preceding year. The summary prepared by the Home Office points out that this may be a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, noting that lockdown measures may have resulted in victims being less likely to interact with first responders.

In 2020, number of adult referrals was 5,087 (48%) whilst child referrals amounted to 4,946 (47%). 5% of referrals were of unknown age. Out of the potential victims, 26% (2,752) were female and 74% (7,826) were male. For adult potential victims, 70% (3,540) were male and 30% (1,538) were female, whilst for child potential victims, 78% (3,843) were male and 22% (1,079) were female.

The most common type of exploitation for adults was labour exploitation and for minors was criminal exploitation. Overall, criminal exploitation only, accounted for 34% (3,568) of all referrals, and an additional 15% (1,590) of cases referred for criminal exploitation combined with other exploitation types.

UK, Albanian and Vietnamese citizens remain the most common nationalities referred to the NRM.

Additionally, in 2020, the Home Office was notified of an additional 2,178 potential adult victims via the DtN process. The DtN process requires public authorities in England and Wales to notify the Home Office of potential victims who do not consent to enter the NRM.

For the full summary, please see here.