The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) guidance on Human Trafficking, Smuggling and Slavery provides guidance on trafficking and exploitation typologies, particularly involving children, which are complex and may include:
- domestic servitude;
- labour exploitation;
- criminal activity (e.g. cannabis cultivation, petty street crime, illegal street trade, etc.);
- sexual exploitation (brothels, closed community, for child abuse images);
- application of residence;
- benefit fraud;
- forced begging;
- illegal adoption; and
- sham marriage.
For the detailed Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) on Human Trafficking, Smuggling and Slavery, read here.